British Military Cross

Badge

Date:

1914

Materials:

Silver

Dimensions:

H 1.75 in x W 1.75 in x D 0.125 in

Accession Number:

366.82

Credit Line:

Gift. Shchepetilnikov, Alexandra Vasilievna

Description

An ornamental cross in silver, with straight arms terminating in broad finals ornamented with Imperial Crowns. At the center on the cross is the cypher of King George V. Attached to ribbom with a central stripe of deep purple flanked by equally sized stripes of white. Instituted in 1914, the Military Cross (MC) was issued for gallantry in presence of the enemy to warrant and junior officers of the British Army who were ineligible (on account of their rank) for the Distinguished Service Order. Awarded to Mikhail Shchepetilnikov for distinguished service during World War I.

History Note

Received by Mikhail Shchepetilnikov for distinguished service during WWI. From a document written on Octiber 23, 1946 quoted by Alexandra Shchepetilnikov: "On the 30th of June 1915 during the battle on the Lomja front near the village Krush I was commanding two companies (the 10th and 11th) of the Kolivan regiment of the 5th Russian Army. In order to break our front and to cut off prominent positions of two regiments of the 10th Infantry division, the German Frederick the Great regiment began to attack two companies at daybreak (3h 30m). In the meantime other German forces attacked the neighbouring detachments of our regiment. The artillery fire directed on my position was so intense that within 24 hours there could be counted more than 7000 shells [of] different calibers including the 38 cm ones. Till 5 o'clock of the next morning the Germans attacked us six times by day and twice at night, but all their assaults were parried by our counter-attacks and bayonet strikes. During this battle I was badly wounded in my right groin and the bullet has remained in my spine till now. In spite of my wound and a great loss of men (at the end of the fight there remained only 63 combatants of 530) the Germans were compelled by our last counter-attack to flee back to their trenches and afterwards owing to their great losses were unable to resume offensive actions. A British colonel (I am sorry being unable to recollect his name) having been present at the 5th Russian army arrived together with the commander of the 5th infantry corps - general Baluyev - on the 1st of July at 16 o'clock and they both could establish that the German losses in my front part amounted to more than 450 men." From another document (or another part of the above) quoted by A.S.: " For this exploit I was rewarded by Your late Father King Edward with the order of Military Cross which I received through military agent and which I have been keeping as a dear remembrance. On the day of the 25 jubilee of Your late Father, I had the honour of having been invited to celebration by the military attache in Belgrad, mayor Sosun."